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What is the Full Form of PMS?

PMS - Pre Menstrual Syndrome


Pre Menstrual Syndrome is a collection of physical and emotional symptoms, found in some females, which causes some disturbances before the commencement of the monthly period. It occurs between ovulation and the start of menstrual bleeding or during ovulation ie. in the days leading up to menstrual bleeding, or both. It is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle. The Symptoms can be Physical or Emotional/Behavioral.

Physical symptoms of PMS include :-

  • Breast swelling and tenderness
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Nipple discharge when nipples or breasts are pressed
  • Headaches or migraines, aching muscles & joints and low back pain
  • Sleep pattern changes
  • Fatigue, lack of energy


Behavioral and Emotional symptoms of PMS include :-

  • Sadness and hopelessness
  • Withdrawal from family and friends
  • Tension and depression
  • Irritability, stress and Anger

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